Information about the Canary Islands: The Canary Islands also known as "The Canaries (SPANISH: CANARIAS), are a spanish archipelo located just of the southern coast of Moroccco. The main Islands are (from the largest to the smallest) TENERIFE, FUERTEVENTURA, GRAN CANARIA, LANZAROTE, LA PALMA, LA GOMERA AND EL HIERRO. Read More...

The Canary Islands

 

Also known as the Canaries (Spanish: Canarias), are a Spanish archipelago located just off the southern coast of Morocco. The Canaries constitute one of Spain’s 17 autonomous communities and are among the outermost regions (OMR) of the European Union proper. The main islands are (from largest to smallest) TenerifeFuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, La Gomera and El Hierro.

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES:

SPANISH

Currency:

Euros

POPULATION: 

2.205 million  MILLION

ETHNIC GROUPS:

85.7{64a43b409a4fcabbaad7cda2e110ae80cdf17ea17dffeaccd70fa66d974bd40e} Spanish, including Canarian people and Peninsulares. 14.3{64a43b409a4fcabbaad7cda2e110ae80cdf17ea17dffeaccd70fa66d974bd40e} foreign nationals, mainly Latin American, British, and Moroccan. 

Islands

 

El Hierro

El Hierro, the westernmost island, covers 268.71 km(103.75 sq mi), making it the smallest of the major islands, and the least populous with 10,753 inhabitants. The whole island was declared Reserve of the Biosphere in 2000. Its capital is Valverde. Also known as Ferro, it was once believed to be the westernmost land in the world.

Fuerteventura

Fuerteventura, with a surface of 1,660 km (640.93 sq mi), is the second-most extensive island of the archipelago. It has been declared a Biosphere reserve by Unesco. It has a population of 100,929. Being also the most ancient of the islands, it is the one that is more eroded: its highest point is the Peak of the Bramble, at a height of 807 metres (2,648 ft). Its capital is Puerto del Rosario.

Gran Canaria

Gran Canaria has 845,676 inhabitants. The capital, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (377,203 inhabitants), is the most Populous city and shares the status of capital of the Canaries with Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Gran Canaria’s surface area is 1,560 km(602.32 sq mi). In center of the island lie the Roque Nublo 1,813 metres (5,948 ft) and Pico de las Nieves (“Peak of Snow”) 1,949 metres (6,394 ft). In the south of island are the Maspalomas Dunes (Gran Canaria), these are the biggest tourist attractions.

La Gomera

La Gomera has an area of 369.76 km (142.77 sq mi) and is the second least populous island with 22,622 inhabitants. Geologically it is one of the oldest of the archipelago. The insular capital is San Sebastian de La Gomera. Garajonay’s National Park is here.

Lanzarote

Lanzarote is the easternmost island and one of the most ancient of the archipelago, and it has shown evidence of recent volcanic activity. It has a surface of 845.94 km2(326.62 sq mi), and a population of 139,506 inhabitants, including the adjacent islets of the Chinijo Archipelago. The capital is Arrecife, with 56,834 inhabitants.

Chinijo Archipelago

The Chinijo Archipelago includes the islands La Graciosa, Alegranza, Montaña Clara, Roque del Este and Roque del Oeste. It has a surface of 40.8 km2 (15.8 sq mi), and a population of 658 inhabitants all of them in the la Graciosa island. With 29 km (11.2 sq mi), La Graciosa, is the smallest inhabited island of the Canaries, and the major island of the Chinijo Archipelago.

La Palma

La Palma, with 86,528 inhabitants covering an area of 708.32 km2 (273.48 sq mi), is in its entirety a biosphere reserve. It shows no recent signs of volcanic activity, even though the volcano Teneguía entered into eruption last in 1971. In addition, it is the second-highest island of the Canaries, with the Roque de los Muchachos 2,423 metres (7,949 ft) as highest point. Santa Cruz de La Palma (known to those on the island as simply “Santa Cruz”) is its capital.

Tenerife

Tenerife is, with its area of 2,034 km(785.33 sq mi), the most extensive island of the Canary Islands. In addition, with 906,854 inhabitants it is the most populated island of the archipelago and Spain. Two of the islands’ principal cities are located on it: The capital, Santa Cruz de Tenerife and San Cristóbal de La Laguna (a World Heritage Site). San Cristóbal de La Laguna, the second city of the island is home to the oldest university in the Canary Islands, the University of La Laguna. The Teide, with its 3,718 metres (12,198 ft) is the highest peak of Spain and also a World Heritage Site. Tenerife is the site of the worst air disaster in the history of aviation, in which 583 people were killed in the collision of two Boeing 747s on March 27, 1977.

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